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Irish History

Irish History

  1. These things you need to understand:
    • Ireland at the time your ancestors left because history affects the records –
        - what was recorded - who recorded it - why it was recorded - what survives, and - where it can be found;
    • Different groups emigrated at different times - History tells us who and why;
    • Being “Irish” means being from the island of Ireland; with Celtic-Irish, Scotch-Irish, and Anglo-Irish heritage; and different people with Protestant and Catholic religious beliefs (with some crossover).
  2. Migration from Ireland to America – 18th Century
    • 1717 Scottish settlers leave Ulster – poor harvest and rackrents
    • 1740-1741 Potato Famine - all Ireland except Connacht
    • 1760’s Agrarian violence – Ulster
    • 1771-1775 Decline in Belfast linen trade – 10,000 left each year, 1/3 to 1/2 of them Ulster Protestants
    • By 1790 1/6 of 3 million “U.S.” were of Irish birth or descent.
    • 280,000 were Ulster Protestants, 106,000 native Irish Catholics, 61,000 Descendants of Irish Catholics from Ulster and English settlers from Ulster and the South
  3. Migration from Ireland to America – 19th Century
    • 1815 Immigration and trade resume
    • 1815-1845 Many more Catholics & from South (could be double considering those who went to Canada first.)
    • 1815-1825: 28,600
    • 1826-1835: 118,4000
    • 1836-1845: 289,700
    • 1846-1855 1,442,000 (300,000 to Canada)
    • 1856-1865 582,400
    • 1866-1875 645,700
    • 500,000 left Ireland every 10 years until WWI